Caroline Letrange

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NEPAL: Towards demacracy

Par Caroline Letrange :: 18/06/2007 à 1:52 :: Political Situation

In the Fifties, to died of king Tribhuvan, his son, king Birendra goes up on the throne of kingdom closed a long time the abroads.

Nepal opens then gently what generated an surge of hippies in the Sixties, then, later, of the hikers and the mountaineers. In the Nineties, the absolute capacity of the Nepalese kings starts to decline with the arrival of a democratic movement which disputes the system of castes and calls into question the royalty.

In 2001, the royal family is massacred with the automatic weapon by the crown prince Dipendra who kills his father, king Birendra, and a part of the members of the royal family before giving himself death, according to the official thesis.

Gyanendra, the brother of the late king, then seizes the power, abolished all its liberal measurements and founds a monarchical dictatorship. A rebellion Maoist by the weapons is followed from there. The Nepalese army then loses the control of the roads which carry out towards the mountains and the Maoists, little supplied out of weapons, do not manage to become Masters of the principal cities. A war between maoists and monarchy is followed from there where the population is the first victim: it will make 13 000 dead.

These last years, the mode hardens and in April 2006, the mode multiplies the violations of the humans right, the imprisonment of the political opponents and the maintenance in place of the whom corrupted politicians, which causes to start immense popular demonstrations. The Parliament dissolve and the parties of opposition are combined with the Maoists to formthe alliance of the Seven Parties. The king then gives the capacity to a democratic coalition.

June 16, 2006, the chief of the Maoists, Prachanda enters Kathmandou and states to give up the armed struggle. The new Parliament tries to maintain bonds with the royalty, to safeguard monarchy and to start a new dialogue thanks to the installation of a new constitution. In spite of the terms of "Revolution", employed during popular rising and the alliance of the political parties, the democratic process took peaceful form of manner and the Nepalese has,  them-even, taken the initiative of the dialogue.

Thus, last 9 August, the Maoists agreed to confine their soldiers and their militiamans out of the cities whereas the soldiers of the Nepalese army would remain in the barracks.

For the king, who lost a great part of his capacities, it would have his place in the new Constitution, is a prelude to with a new democratic mode; the country is in good way to carry out this objective.

Updates regular thanks to Blog of REACHSUMMIT


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